Eczema

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic disease characterized by extremely itchy dry skin.  It is caused by a defect in how the skin is put together leading to difficulty in maintaining moisture in the skin.  Scratching can lead to redness, swelling, cracking, “weeping” clear fluid, and sometimes even bacterial skin infections. In most cases, there are periods of time when the disease is worse (called exacerbations or flares) followed by periods when the skin improves or clears up entirely (called remissions). Some individuals with atopic dermatitis will see their skin disease improve or disappear altogether as they get older, although their skin often remains dry and easily irritated. In others, atopic dermatitis continues to be a significant problem in adulthood.

 

Identifying allergic and non-allergic triggers is one way in which we can decrease the frequency of exacerbations.  However, skin care is the most important factor in maintaining the integrity of the skin and decreasing itching. Below are some tips to keep skin clear and non-inflammed.

 

Tips:

If eczema is getting you down, make an appointment with a board certified allergist to help manage your symptoms. 

Author
Sandra A. Ho, MD

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